History and Origin of Agartala City

Agartala the capital of Tripura is arguably one of the most diversely populated cities of India. Tripura has always been a home to various mix of tribes and all these tribal amalgamation has led to an influx of people representing their own clan. Agartala, with its verdant forest cover, near perfect green backdrop, great tourist sites and laid back attitude presents a sight of an ideal tourist destination. The rich and varied tribal culture thriving on the high mountains and vast and alluring green valleys adds its own charm to the attraction of the state.
 

Location of the Agartala City

Agartala, the capital of Tripura, is situated along 23° 45’- 23° 55’ N latitude and 91°15’- 91°20’ E longitude, in the flood plains of the Howrah River. The National Highway (NH)-44 connects Agartala with Silchar, Guwahati and other towns of Assam. Agartala is connected by Air & Rail links to rest of the country.

The Municipal Administration in Agartala was established in 1874 A.D and the city became a planned city by the then Maharaja Bir Bikra Manikya Bahadur in 1940s. This erstwhile Princely State Capital of Tripura merged with India on 15th October 1949. The city has become the nerve center of all political, administrative, cultural and commercial activities of the state. The construction of a meter gauge railway line from Assam-Agartal to Subroom is also in progress.

Climate of the Agartala City

The climate of Agartala is of tropical monsoon type. The average annual rainfall is around 220 centimeters (cm). The average no of rainy days is 100 days. The temperature varies from 4.2°c to 37.6° on the average. The winter period is from November to February, summer is from March to May and monsoon is from June to September. It has a moderate temperature and highly humid atmosphere. Winds, which are of moderate velocity, are from the south-to-south – east direction for most of the time. Average velocity of wind varies from 4 km to 9 km per hour.

Topography of the Agartala City

The city of Agartala has an altitude of 12.8 metres. The erstwhile AMC area, the central portion of the city is located in an area lower than the surroundings. The central portion of the city is shaped like a saucer. The central portion is bounded by the rivers Howrah in the south and Katakhal in the north. Due to its saucer shape, the city is vulnerable to recurrent flooding during monsoons. The city is located in seismic zone V.

Terrain of Agartala

The city of Agartala has an altitude of 1280 metres. The erstwhile AMC area, the central portion of the city is located in a area lower than the surroundings. The central portion of the city is shaped like a saucer. The central portion is bounded by the rivers Howrah in the south and Katakhal in the north. Due to its saucer shape, the city is vulnerable to recurrent flooding during monsoons. The city is located in seismic zone V. Agartala has an undulating topography towards both southern and northern side of the central Agartala.

Population Density of the City

The population distribution within Planning Area of Agartala had been relatively high in the city core as compared to periphery. The data suggests that with only 17% of the geographical area the core area (erstwhile AMC) occupies over 50% of the population of GAPA. Besides, the New AMC Area with a share of 68% of geographical area has 96% of the total population of GAPA.

Regional Settings of the City

Agartala is located on the major corridors of movement, in the West Tripura District of Tripura. Being a capital city it is a center of all political, administrative, cultural and commercial activities. Agartala is situated on the Assam-Agartala- Sabroom Road (NH-44). The surface communication with the rest of the country is only by NH-44, which connects Agartala with Silchar, Guwahati and other towns of Assam. Some major district roads also connect Agartala with other parts of the State.

 

 

 

Content Right : Tripura Tourism Development Corporation Limited, Ph: 0381-2223893, 0381-2225930 E-mail: tripuratourism09[At]rediffmail[Dot]com.